Slovene Caves & Karst
  • Slovene Caves & Karst
  • Free laminated bookmark
  • Delivery included

Slovene Caves & Karst

Slov
Slovene Caves & Karst by Trevor Shaw and Alenka Cuk
Post to
£22.50
Quantity
Select from the options above to place your order. If this is a non-UK order, please also see the tab below

 

Secure payment

 

Prices include delivery

 

We reuse packing materials

Description

Slovene Caves & Karst

Slovene Caves & Karst by Trevor Shaw and Alenka Cuk is an absolutely superb book, as would be expected for any title which Trevor Shaw is involved with. This book concentrates in images (drawings, engravings, watercolours ...) of Slovene caves produced between 1545 and 1914 and it is fascinating to see the breadth of these. From the publisher's description:

he karst regions of Slovenia, like those in many other parts of the world, result from the rock being limestone which is slightly soluble in rainwater. This not only causes a lack of surface streams and the presence of caves and underground rivers, but also other features characteristic of karstic landscape. In particular, solution of intersecting fissures in the rock results in cone-shaped depressions – dolines – in which some residual soil collects, and more is sometimes added by farmers to allow cultivation. Bigger, often vertical-sided depressions called collapse dolines result when the ground surface collapses into caves or cavities formed by underground streams. Collapse dolines include the immense pits at Škocjanske jame.

What is unusual about Slovenia is the amount of karst terrain that it contains. 43% of the whole country is karst; and of the part of Slovenia which was the old Austrian region of Carniola or Krain (Gorenjska, Dolenjska and Notranjska, including the Postojna area), 69% is karst.

The caves and spectacular features of karst have for centuries appealed to visitors and travellers, as they do to tourists today. For much the same reasons they have appealed to artists whose desire was to capture the scenes for themselves and for posterity.

Over the last two centuries or so we have become more and more accustomed to images of the real world. In modern times natural history films have become almost a substitute for the real thing. Personal cameras record what we have seen, sometimes more reliably than our memories, and magazines as well as television provide accurate pictorial information.

But it was not always so. Some five and a half centuries ago, printed books began to appear, providing information for those who could read. At first very few were illustrated, but about 430 years ago Valvasor was already producing his book on the castles of the province of Krain, illustrated with copper engravings; and ten years later, in 1689, there appeared his great topographical book on Krain, containing 535 illustrations. Painters of course did not depend on books to have their paintings displayed. But in later times their work was reproduced in books and reached a much wider audience.

At the same time, as technical developments made such reproduction easier and cheaper, the population increasingly learned to read. Poverty overall reduced and more people were able to enjoy leisure. This, with education, allowed them to use books and to see pictures other than those in the stained glass windows of churches.

This broadening of the kinds of readers, as well as an increase in their numbers, led quite early in the 19th century – only two centuries ago now – to the appearance of popular illustrated books aiming to arouse and satisfy curiosity. Titles such as The Wonders of Nature and Art (1803) and The Hundred Wonders of the World (1818) make this clear. Such books often include cave descriptions, many of them illustrated, and it was in this way that people living in non-karst regions became aware of the existence of caves.

So much for generalizations and context. What did all the images aim to do? One or more of the following, surely: to express the impressions, emotions and feelings of the artist; to inform people about caves and karst features; to give pleasure, by beautiful paintings or by luxurious albums of engravings; to illustrate texts (travel books, regional descriptions and guidebooks, scientific studies, accounts of cave exploration, historical studies, studies of cave images); to publicise particular caves and to advertise an unrelated product by an attractive picture.

Whilst scientific or geographical studies may require images of little-known caves or phenomena, it is clear from the content of this book that certain caves were more often the subject for artists and photographers than others. Several factors are responsible for this. Clearly an attractive cave, as the very word denotes, attracts more attention. A picturesque scene attracts pictures. And such pictures attract purchasers.

Also relevant is the extent to which the cave or place is already known. The better known places will be visited by more artists and photographers, and by more potential purchasers. Purchases, of course, include not only individual images but also illustrated guidebooks.

Another factor besides picturesque beauty affected this popularity of a place, especially before the motor car became widely available. That was its location and ease of access for large numbers of people. For Slovenia, many potential visitors were to be found at Trieste (as a major part where they waited for their ships) and on the main routes such as the vital road from central Europe through Postojna to the coast. Hence the popularity of Vilenica, Škocjanske jame and Postojnska jama. They attracted the artists and photographers, and they also attracted the visitors who would buy their productions.

Among the many cave images known, some (only a few, but nevertheless some) do provide information that is historically important. Dress is necessarily shown wherever there are people. That of the visitors is normal for the period and sometimes it is the dress that helps to date the image. Images of cave entrances necessarily record whatever barriers, gates, seats or buildings that were present at the time.

The earliest images of karst features occurred on 16th century maps, where the land was represented, not by accurately surveyed rivers, roads and contour lines, but by pictorial representations. Some of these were symbolic, such as trees for forests and little hills for mountainous county. But special features (and Cerkniško jezero was certainly considered very special) were drawn individually and the space required for this gave them extra prominence.

Individual pictures were sold for display, as indeed they still are. Such engravings were sometimes published together in albums, with or without text, as fore-runners of modern coffee-table books. The emphasis there was on attractive images, whereas later in the century pictures were used to illustrate points made in the text, for example in the books of Martel and Kraus or to illustrate places described in guidebooks.

Engravings, where the artist’s image was redrawn by the engraver on a metal plate (or lithographs where it was redrawn in stone) were still used to illustrate books and magazines up the 1890s. In that period the “artist’s image” to be engraved was often a photograph. Only when the half-tone process was developed in the 1880s, was it possible for photos to be transferred mechanically to paper in large quantities without an intermediate process.

In those earlier days (1870s to 1890s) photographs were usually engraved for publication. But the reverse also occurred. Photographers realized that cave pictures were saleable, but they found also that they were very difficult to take.

Copying was not only done to facilitate reproduction of images. It also occurred, without acknowledgement, when the easiest source for a new (saleable) illustration was an earlier one. In book publication (and ship capture) this is termed piracy. It was common in the 19th century and several examples are exposed in this book.

Of course, cave images of quality continued to be made after the cut-off date for this book – the start of World War I and the end of Slovenia’s time as part of Austria. Photographers include Friedrich Oedl (1894-1969) at Škocjanske jame in 1921, Franci Bar (1901-1988) in many caves, and several members of the Društvo za raziskavanje podzemskih jam. All those photographers were cave explorers themselves. Painters of this later period include Leo Vilhar (1899-1971); Mario Vilhar, his son (born 1925), and Lojze Perko (1909-1980).


Table of contents

Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgements
Introduction
Images of caves and karst
Postojnska jama
Črna jama, Pivka jama, Otoška jama
Planinsko polje and its caves
Rakov Škocjan and its caves
Cerkniško jezero and its caves
Predjama
Divaška jama
Škocjanske jame
Vilenica
Sveta jama/Socerbska jama
Kočevje to Dobro Polje
Other caves
Karst surface
Biographical Lexicon
Appendix – Equivalent place names in German, Slovene and English
Notes and References
Povzetek
List of illustrations

Index



The one copy available is a new book and is assigned to UK stock. If you require a different post destination please contact us so that stock may be moved and you can place your order.

IMPORTANT NOTE FOR EU CUSTOMERS

VAT is not charged on UK publications. Orders to the EU are posted without tax paid: you are responsible for VAT and any other charges on delivery. We will be unable to refund you in full if you refuse delivery or the charges are not paid.

Product Details
Slov
New

Data sheet

Binding:
Softback
Size:
200mm x 270mm approx
New or used:
Book: new
Pages:
338
Illustrations:
200+ illustrations
Publication date:
2012
ISBN:
978-961-254-369-3
Availability:
One copy available. Price includes UK postage. Please contact us direct for other destinations
Other:
In sealed wrapper
Author:
Trevor Shaw and Alenka Cuk
EU delivery
Deliveries to EU countries are despatched without tax paid. You are responsible for paying any VAT or other charges on delivery. Do not place an order if this is not accepted.
Postage costs
UK postage is included in the price. Additional postage costs for overseas destinations are calculated by adding the difference between UK and international postage prices

Non-UK orders

STOCK ALLOCATION

Our goods for advertised for sale with postage costs included; selecting the destination other than the UK will alter the price, to take into account the increased carriage charges. 

If stock is limited, for example with a single copy of a second-hand book, it will be assigned to UK stock. If you require posting to an address outside the UK, you will not be able to place this order, even though stock is available. We regret this, but the software has limitations. If this is the case, please contact us to enable the options you require.

Please see our FAQs relating to deliveries, and the Delivery page linked from the bottom of each page, before placing your order if time is an important element for your order.

IMPORTANT NOTE FOR EU CUSTOMERS

On 1 July 2021 the EU removed all exemptions for tax and customs duty on low value items posted from the UK to the EU, meaning that although VAT is 0% on books and magazines in the UK, VAT is charged within the EU and the tax (potentially plus a handling fee) now apply to all orders to the EU.

We are unable to post any items to the EU with VAT or other duties prepaid; as a small company, it is a long way outside our abilities to engage with an agent to do so. All items are therefore mailed as DDU (Delivery Duty Unpaid). Ordering any item from Wild Places requires that you accept responsibility for paying the VAT applicable in your country and any other local charges on delivery.

To be clear: Wild Places will NOT cover any charges levied by your country; it is your responsibility to accept these when placing an order. We apologise for the situation, but it is outside our control. Refusal to pay charges upon delivery will not be accepted as a reason for refunding in full any returned items.

NOTE: Norway and Switzerland are outside the EU and orders will be filled as normal.

16 other products in the same category:

Reference: Bedside

A Bedside Book for Older Cavers

Cavers ... Folk with attitude. At least, any that are over seventy years old have attitude (of the good sort!), says John Gillett as he maintains a positive approach to life.

Price £11.00
More
Select from the options above to place your order. If this is a non-UK order, please also see the tab below

Reference: sh1158

Victorians in Camera

Victorians in Camera by Robert Pols

Price £7.00
More
Select from the options above to place your order. If this is a non-UK order, please also see the tab below

Reference: n1318

Canyoning in the Alps

Canyoning in the Alps. Northern Italy and Ticino

Price £22.50
More
Select from the options above to place your order. If this is a non-UK order, please also see the tab below

Reference: deJoly

Brand: Wild Places Publishing

Memoirs of a Speleologist

Memoirs of a Speleologist: The Adventurous Life of a Famous French Cave Explorer by Robert de Joly, translated from the French.

Price £15.00
More
Select from the options above to place your order. If this is a non-UK order, please also see the tab below

Reference: JBE

Journeys Beneath the Earth

Journeys Beneath the Earth by David William Gill

Price £31.50
More
Select from the options above to place your order. If this is a non-UK order, please also see the tab below

Reference: GGO

Brand: Wild Places Publishing

The Game Goes On

Jim Eyre's classic autobiography, part two, taking him from the caving expeditions of the 1960s through trials and tribulations to India in the 2000s. In it, Jim produced another masterpiece by turn both solemn and outrageously funny.

Price £22.50
More
Select from the options above to place your order. If this is a non-UK order, please also see the tab below

Reference: sh1158

Capturing the Light

Capturing the Light

Price £8.00
More
Select from the options above to place your order. If this is a non-UK order, please also see the tab below

Reference: LA

The Last Adventure

Alan Thomas' collection of cave diving stories of exploration, published under the Ina Books imprint.

Price £7.00
More
Select from the options above to place your order. If this is a non-UK order, please also see the tab below